In Serra’s defense, Governor Jerry Brown stated that “The Pope is right in recognizing his sanctity.”. His book was first published in Mexico in 1787. Noel Francis Moholy (1916-98) at Mission San Jose. Twenty years later, at the age of fifty-six, Serra played a crucial role in the settlement and colonization of California, most notably as the founding father of the chain of Catholic missions that eventually extended from San Diego to just north of San Francisco. Pope Francis called Father Junipero Serra a defender of “the dignity of the native community,” as the first pope from the Americas canonized … Miquel Joseph Serra was born on the Spanish island of Majorca in 1713. Perhaps he will soon work another. The Canonization of JuN Ípero SerrA November 24, 1713 – August 28,1784 1784 - Junípero Serra’s Death ... Junipero Serra’s missionary headquarters J unípero was a bright student and began his priestly career as a professor of philosophy at the Lullian University at Palma. In California, protesters have toppled statues of Junipero Serra, whose missions brutalized Native Americans. Quick Facts Name Junipero Serra Occupation Missionary, Saint Birth Date c. November 24, 1713 Death Date c. August 28, 1784 Place of Birth Majorca, Spain “We’re stunned and we’re in disbelief,” said Valentin Lopez, 63, chairman of the Amah Mutsun Tribal Band located along Monterey Bay in California. Serra, who came to California nearly 250 years ago, is the first saint to be canonized on U.S. soil. “He was excited about blazing trails, going forth to meet many people, learning and valuing their particular customs and ways of life.”, The Pope praised Serra’s treatment of Native Americans, saying that he “sought to defend the dignity of the native community, to protect it from those who had mistreated and abused it.”, “Mistreatment and wrongs which today still trouble us,” Francis continued, “especially because of the hurt which they cause in the lives of many people.”. They see a land in which, as early as the sixteenth century, Catholic missionary founding fathers such as Serra made first contact with America’s indigenous peoples. The St. Junípero Serra Canonization Mass at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception made history by being the first to take place in the United States. Verification email has been resent. “We have gotten zero response from the Vatican, not a word. It is in honor of them, and future generations of Latinos, that the Pope is canonizing Serra against the wishes of those who rightly claim that Serra’s missions adversely affected California’s indigenous peoples. While many leading American politicians are calling for a wall between the United States and Mexico, the deportation of millions of workers and their families, and the end of birthright citizenship, this pope and his advisors intend to confront those proposals by casting Serra, in effect, as the patron saint of immigration. The Pope has planned to meet with Native Americans in Washington after the Mass, a Vatican official told CNN’s Delia Gallagher. It is also a reminder to our nation’s Nativists that Catholics and Hispanics have a long claim to American soil and its history. The queues stretched to security checkpoints where those holding the 25,000 tickets distributed for the ceremony. It is their hope that Americans, when reminded of the Hispanic origins of much of this country, will reject the notion that Latino immigrants are somehow trespassers, even criminals, and embrace a more humane treatment of today’s immigrants. This is Serra's personal "novena" prayer book, which is kept in the archives of Old Mission Santa Barbara. Pope Francis presides over a canonization mass for Friar Junipero Serra at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington on Wednesday. Archbishop Jose Gomez of Los Angeles, though, called the canonization of Serra “the most important dimension of the Pope’s visit” to the United States, which lasts through Sunday. Blessed Serra was thus deemed to have already met the sainthood criteria. Descendants of Mission Natives strongly oppose the canonization of Junipero Serra. On Wednesday, Pope Francis canonized Junipero Serra, an 18th-century Spanish missionary who introduced—or imposed—Catholicism among Native American communities in California. The missions ended up killing about 90% of the California Indians present at the time of missionization, creating all kinds of cultural and emotional baggage that we still carry to this day,” Miranda said. Pope Francis canonized Junipero Serra while he was in Washington DC – the first time a saint was canonized on US Soil. Part I Read More » Pitted against the founders of Protestant New England and the signers of the Declaration of Independence, these Hispanic Catholics stood little chance. She wrote “Bad Indians: A Tribal Memoir,” a book about her ancestors’ experiences in the Spanish missions. © 2020 Cable News Network. The announcement that Pope Francis would canonize Blessed Junipero Serra during his visit to the United States in September took American Catholics by complete surprise. Father Junipero Serra to be elevated to sainthood, Pope Francis says A statue of Junipero Serra in the graveyard at Mission San Francisco de Asis, often called Mission Dolores. (Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group) Pope Francis then issued the official decree announcing the canonization. Pope Courts Controversy With Canonization of Junipero Serra. Miquel Joseph Serra was born on the Spanish island of Majorca in 1713. Pope Francis will preside Wednesday over a mass of canonization for Junipero Serra, the man known for establishing missions throughout California. Thus they hope to shape contemporary immigration policy by a deeper reading of American history. It’s about making sure that the truth is heard and that injustices are not continued on into the 21st century.”. Rejoice in the Lord always! Fifty different tribes in California condemned the sainthood conferred on Serra, said Deborah Miranda, a literature professor at Washington and Lee University in Virginia and a member of the Ohlone Costanoan Esselen Nation of California. Those few who have been remembered—the Franciscan Junípero Serra, the Jesuit Eusebio Kino, and a handful of others—have often been more the subjects of myth than history, The seeds of Hispanic culture and Catholic religion that they planted across America from Florida and then west to Texas, into New Mexico, Arizona, and California have been dismissed as insignificant, quaint, or even backward. Serra, in his view, was part of a colonial enterprise whose goal was the complete subjugation of California’s native peoples. CNN’s Michael Martinez and Ray Sanchez contributed to this report. "9 Three years later and a year before Serra's death, Governor Pedro Fages, an old antagonist of Father Serra, complained that all missionaries were guilty of excessive severity toward their neophytes. Santa Barbara Mission Archive- library. Password reset email has been resent. He is also an OAH Distinguished Lecturer. As told by the Pope, Archbishop Gomez, and Dr. Carriquiri, Serra’s story—sailing across the Atlantic, venturing deep into Mexico on foot, journeying far north to California—is not just a life of Catholic heroism. Pope Francis held a canonization mass declaring Junipero Serra a saint at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. Father Junipero Serra … Apostolic Journey of the Holy Father to Cuba, to the United States of America and Visit to the United Nations Headquarters on the occasion of his participation at the Eighth World Meeting of Families in Philadelphia: Holy Mass and Canonization of Blessed Fr. The evidence propelled Pope Francis, the first pontiff from Latin America, to share in the homily at Serra’s canonization on September 23, 2015 in Washington, D.C., “Junípero sought to defend the dignity of the native community, to protect it from those who had mistreated … The upcoming canonization of Blessed Junípero Serra in Washington, D.C.—the first ever to take place on American soil—has generated, as I’m sure you know, a good deal of controversy. It is the first canonization on U.S. soil. He is the author of the award-winning books, Junípero Serra: California’s Founding Father (2013) and Children of Coyote, Missionaries of Saint Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769-1850 (2005). WASHINGTON — More than 220 years ago, the California Indians evangelized by Father Junípero Serra declared him a saint. This wasn't the first time the Church had attempted to elevate Serra’s holy stature. Following is the text of the English translation of Pope Francis canonizing the Rev. But debates about Serra’s Indian policy miss a fundamental message that the Pope intends to deliver through Serra’s canonization: our nation’s current wave of anti-immigration rhetoric flies in the face of America’s deep Hispanic and Catholic roots, and sadly it draws on a rich vein of anti-Catholicism in American history. "9 Three years later and a year before Serra's death, Governor Pedro Fages, an old antagonist of Father Serra, complained that all missionaries were guilty of excessive severity toward their neophytes. thaths/Flickr Junipero Serra founded the California mission system that converted and killed so many Native Americans. This national amnesia about the ways in which immigrant Catholic missionaries shaped much of what is now the United States has had deleterious effects on our nation’s character. Following is the text of the English translation of Pope Francis canonizing the Rev. Here's another image of Junipero Serra from a first-edition book about the Spanish Franciscan friar entitled, "Relacion Historica de la Vida y Apostolica Tareas del Venerable Padre Fray Junipero Serra," by Father Francisco Palou. Junípero Serra. #PopeinUS. By the time Francis arrived on campus, hordes of people were still waiting to clear checkpoints. This letter is written by Serra's own hand and is kept in a climated-controlled vault at Old Mission Santa Barbara. When it came to Junipero Serra… But the missionaries and the Indians who lived in the missions also created the communities, towns, roads, and industries that were formative in the early years of California even after it joined the Union in 1850. Those who wonder about this canonization and the proper place of founding fathers like Junípero Serra in American history should know that Serra rarely lost a fight, even when he faced enormous challenges. “Junipero Serra left his native land and its way of life,” Francis said in his homily during the canonization Mass at Catholic University in Washington. Father Junipero Serra, the 18th century founder of California’s system of Catholic missions, was canonized by Pope Francis Wednesday — the first saint elevated on U.S. soil. This man who is soon to be a saint might just be the symbol that Americans have long needed to more fully recognize another aspect of the complexity of our nation’s origins. Pope Francis speaks at the canonization of Junipero Serra on Sept. 23, 2015. Pope Francis on Wednesday canonized Junipero Serra, a Spanish missionary, a moment of deep pride for Latinos but a source of controversy for many Native Americans. Many came overland from the south, spoke Spanish, and practiced Catholicism. This is not a coincidence,” Gomez said at a news conference last month. Pope Francis has said that he fast-tracked Serra's canonization by eliminating the need to show proof of two miracles because the missionary was such a great evangelizer. Against all odds—when he was old and in poor health from fatigue and a chronically ulcerous leg, with the Spanish military in California turned against him—Serra persevered to found more missions. Serra canonization. This portrait has become one of the standard representations of him and was done in the early 1900s by a Mexican priest, Father Jose Mosqueda, who said he copied it from a work that could have been an original portrait of Serra from the 1750s. In June 2015, after examining an updated “Positio” of 1000 pages that included new materials for Serra’s cause, the Cardinals in Rome voted to elevate Blessed Junipero Serra to sainthood. A week after the canonization, a statue of Serra in Monterey was decapitated. Few images exist of 18th-century Spanish missionary Junipero Serra, a founding figure of the American West. The Catholic Church says that Serra worked miracles. A Saint With A Mixed History: Junipero Serra's Canonization Raises Eyebrows : The Two-Way Pope Francis announced he will elevate the influential missionary to sainthood … Ahead of the Mass on Wednesday, thousands lined up for hours in nightmarish lines snaking around parts of the Catholic University of America campus. “They’re interested in his record and in how many people he managed to convert and in the fact that he at this point in time is a famous Spanish person when the church really needs some positive PR, so they are purposely overlooking the deaths and the cultural genocide of Native American people because it’s to their benefit.”. The canonization of Serra hearkens back to a pious, if not perilous, understanding of evangelization, and offers painful evidence that the institutional church … The protests spilled onto the Stanford University campus. Serra brought Catholicism to California in the second half of the 18th Century. Junipero Serra's Canonization and the Historical Record 1255 on the part of some Fathers and that we are all exposed to err in that regard. Junipero Serra was an 18th ... the Congregation for the Causes of Saints has to vet the nomination before choosing whether to approve the person for sainthood. It represented Father Junípero Serra (1713–1784), the Mallorcan Franciscan who gave up a successful career as a priest and university professor in Spain in 1749 and sailed to Mexico to begin his life there as a missionary to Indians. On Wednesday, Junípero Serra, the architect of the California mission system that converted 81,000 Native Americans to Christianity in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, will be canonized as a saint in Washington during Pope Francis' first visit to the United States. Back to Top. (Credit: CNN) This is an archived article and the information in the article may be outdated. And across the missions, Franciscans like Serra endorsed the corporal punishment of Indians who did not abide by their wishes or policies. In California, the establishment of twenty-one missions (nine by Serra) had disastrous results for Indians. He became a Franciscan priest in 1730 and took the name Junipero, after a … The canonization of Junipero Serra has drawn strong protest from many Native Americans. A statue of Blessed Junipero Serra is seen in 2012 outside Mission Basilica San Juan Capistrano in San Juan Capistrano, Calif. Pope Francis will … But the Native American campaign to stop Serra’s canonization never gained an audience in Rome, Miranda said. But some Native Americans say Serra was no saint. When men such as Pope Francis and Archbishop José Gómez of Los Angeles look at our nation’s past, they must marvel at the accomplishments of the Pilgrims and our traditional Founding Fathers. This rereading of early American history is long overdue and driven by powerful demographic shifts in our nation’s population, especially in places like California, home to nearly 39 million people, nearly 15 million of whom are Latino and 10 million of whom are Roman Catholic. Bishop Robert Barron* The upcoming canonization of Blessed Junípero Serra in Washington, D.C. — the first ever to take place on American soil — has generated, as I'm sure you know, a good deal of controversy. The first page is in Spanish. The Canonization of JuN Ípero SerrA November 24, 1713 – August 28,1784 1784 - Junípero Serra’s Death ... Junipero Serra’s missionary headquarters J unípero was a bright student and began his priestly career as a professor of philosophy at the Lullian University at Palma. The Vatican has argued that Serra was "a man of his time" and should not be judged by modern standards. 6:13 PM EDT, Wed September 23, 2015. Fr. Pope Francis has said that he fast-tracked Serra's canonization by eliminating the need to show proof of two miracles because the missionary was such a great evangelizer. Transcript for Why Pope Francis' Canonization of Junipero Serra Is Controversial The ceremonial ringing of the bells a mission San Juan Capistrano marking another day in … Sep 15, 2015 Russell Brown. All Rights Reserved. "When the Spanish first came, it … Born and raised in California, Steven W. Hackel is a professor of history at the University of California, Riverside. Yet to the great disappointment of men such as Pope Francis, Archbishop Gomez, and Guzmán Carriquiri, the vice president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America, nearly all of the thousands of Catholic missionaries who came to America have been forgotten, losers not in the contest for North America but in the subsequent battle for a place in American history. This article is more than 5 years old. By Michele Jurich. The ill effects are evident today in the words of bigots, racists, and political opportunists who seek to safeguard an imaginary Anglo-Protestant America from an exaggerated Latino immigrant threat. Medina is an Ohlone Indian who is opposed to the Pope's recent decision to grant sainthood to Father Junipero Serra, the founder of the California missions. Wednesday was the Pope’s first full day in the United States, a trip that will also take him to New York and Philadelphia. The Rev. Rambusch was honored by the National Shrine’s commission to commemorate this historic event with a canonization banner. I say it again, … The Seven Steps to Sainthood for Junipero Serra. PHOTO: Timothy Kesicki, president of the Jesuit Conference in Washington, said many scholars acknowledge Serra’s complicated legacy. Their goals in crossing the Atlantic were to save souls and bring new regions into an expanding Spanish realm. Even many who typically back Pope Francis see this canonization as a rare faux pas for the Argentine Pontiff. Pope Francis is scheduled to bestow sainthood on California missionary Junipero Serra, the father of the state's missions. Junípero Serra is depicted in a mosaic above the north arch of the East Portico of the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception just a few feet from where Pope Francis will be seated at the canonization Mass for Serra. Yes, those who criticize Serra’s treatment of Indians are right to do so. Today is the most important day of the Pope’s visit for me, and for Latino Catholics across the #USA and throughout the Americas. Junípero Serra: California’s Founding Father, The Histories of Epidemics in the United States, Black Women, Police Violence, and Gentrification, George Floyd and the End of American Hegemony, The Troubled History of American Education after the Brown Decision, Televising the Revolution: Turn’s Peggy Shippen Arnold, Sleeping Soldiers and the War for the Mind, The 1952 Olympic Games, the US, and the USSR, Naked: A Cultural History of American Nudism, The (African) American Missionary Movement in Africa in the Early Twentieth Century, Why the Portuguese Restoration of 1640 Matters to the History of American Slavery. America is a land of immigrants, and among the first and most important were missionaries like Serra. “But I don’t think Pope Francis wants pristine saints,” Kesicki continued, “because then no one will aspire to sainthood.”. These migrant missionaries were serious colonizers in their own right even though their motives were not wealth or power or freedom of religious expression. Noel Francis Moholy (1916-98) at Mission San Jose. Junípero Serra's road to sainthood is controversial for Native Americans. His supporters argue he defended the indigenous population against the excesses of colonialism. The Disputed Canonization of Junipero Serra. Serra often corresponded about the California missions as he evangelized Native Americans in the late 1700s. Pope Courts Controversy With Canonization of Junipero Serra. “Junipero Serra left his native land and its way of life,” Francis said in his homily during the canonization Mass at Catholic University in Washington. Success! “[Pope Francis] has chosen to proceed with the canonization of Franciscan Missionary Junípero Serra — a man who played a pivotal role in the enslavement, torture, and other violent tactics perpetrated against Native peoples though the mission system in California,” the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) told ThinkProgress in a statement on Wednesday. If an account exists, we've sent an email with a link to reset your password. When Pope Francis canonized Father Serra in 2015, Mr. Medina said, he traveled to Washington D.C. with the blessing of his elders to read a Bible verse in … Pope Francis has established a reputation as advocate for the oppressed, but the canonization of Junipero Serra represents the celebration of Indigenous genocide, at the hands of the Church. He is the editor of a volume of essays, Alta California: People in Motion, Identities in Formation (2010); the general editor of the Huntington Library’s Early California Population Project, a database of the baptism, marriage, and burial records from all of California’s twenty-one missions; and the director of the Early California Cultural Atlas, a spatial history of colonial California funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. 5 years ago. At the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington D.C., 23 September 2015, the Holy Father delivered the following homily. There was no Jesus Christ lifestyle at the missions,” Lopez said, who has campaigned against sainthood for Serra. Predictably, on the eve of his canonization, interest in Serra’s life runs hot, with some hailing his saintly life and others condemning his religious imperialism. When Pope Francis announced that he was going to declare sainthood for Junipero Serra during a flight to Manila in January 2015, some people took it as an impromptu decision. Galvan was active in the support of Serra’s cause for canonization beginning in 1978, when he met Serra biographer and Franciscan friar Fr. from Anar Virji. Tagged: California missions, colonization, human rights, Junipero serra canonization, racism, Spanish Inquisition, vatican police. CNN Sans ™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. Pope Francis then issued the official decree announcing the canonization. Success! Process is the blog of the Organization of American Historians, The Journal of American History, and The American Historian, dedicated to exploring the process of doing history and the multifaceted ways of engaging with the U.S. past. They accuse in the 18th century Franciscan missionary … They left a lasting mark on American history and they will continue to shape its future. Serra’s life tells us that American history from its beginnings was diverse and multiethnic and that our national creation story is not just one of thirteen English colonies united in 1776 but that it extends far deeper into our past and includes Spanish missionaries and the Native Americans they encountered. In response to my writings in the DM on the truth of the role of Junipero Serra and the missions he founded in … Why the Serra Canonization? I suspect that this canonization has little if anything to do with Serra’s Indian policies and everything to do with what the Pope and others perceive to be the increasingly inhumane treatment today of immigrants, not only across Europe but also within the United States. For that accomplishment and others related to it, Serra was given an exalted place in the nation’s capital as one of two Californians represented in Statuary Hall (the other is Ronald Reagan). Time will tell. The Vatican has argued that Serra was "a man of his time" and should not be judged by modern standards. “This is the big story: The first Hispanic Pope is coming to America to give us our first Hispanic saint. Why Junipero Serra Matters Today. But debates about Serra’s Indian policy miss a fundamental message that the Pope intends to deliver through Serra’s canonization: our nation’s current wave of anti-immigration rhetoric flies in the face of America’s deep Hispanic and Catholic roots, and sadly it draws on a rich vein of anti-Catholicism in American history. A Saint With A Mixed History: Junipero Serra's Canonization Raises Eyebrows : The Two-Way Pope Francis announced he will elevate the influential missionary to sainthood when he … “My objection and the objection of many California Indians is that he is being honored for in fact dishonoring many of our California ancestors. “It’s not a question of attacking the Catholic Church or attacking Pope Francis. Blessed Serra was thus deemed to have already met the sainthood criteria. For his defenders, Padre Serra was an intrepid evangelist and a model of Gospel living, while for his detractors, he was a shameless advocate of an oppressive colonial system that resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of Indians. This is how Father Serra signed his name on a letter about the value of prayer to another Franciscan friar, Fermin Francisco de Lasuen. Federal law enforcement agencies conducting the searches included the Transportation Security Administration and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. A Warner Media Company. But more important, they also see an earlier American history, one that unfolded long before men such as Washington and Jefferson led the Revolution and even before the Puritans came to New England. Pope Francis has established a reputation as advocate for the oppressed, but the canonization of Junipero Serra represents the celebration of Indigenous genocide, at the hands of the Church. Pope Francis recently apologized to Native peoples in South America for past inhumane treatment and colonization; yet our ancestors were suppressed, dominated and enslaved by Serra and considered collateral damage to the Church and State. Please click the button below to agree to our Terms and Conditions and acknowledge our Privacy Policy. Homily, Mass and Canonization of Fr. The goings-on in the streets of America and beyond has been an education for white people, especially to wake up to the reality of 500 years of racism and colonialism in America. Clearly the Pope believes that if Americans can embrace what is Spanish and Catholic in America’s past, they can become more accepting of our nation’s growing Latino and Catholic populations, irrespective of their origins. Serra is far from the first controversial candidate for sainthood or canonization. Pope Francis. As Sainthood Awaits, Fight Over Junipero Serrra's Legacy Continues Sept. 21, 2015 01:49. As Sainthood Awaits, Fight Over Junipero Serrra's Legacy Continues Sept. 21, 2015 01:49. Just this year he survived an attempt by some California legislators to remove his statue from the U.S. Capitol. in 1988, when Serra was beatified by the Church, the third of four steps toward canonization, Pope John Paul II called Serra a “shining example of Christian Virtue and the Missionary Spirit.” Faith Local Junipero Serra Native Americans Pope Francis Sainthood 4 Comments. Updated As a biographer of Serra, I am often asked to explain the seeming incongruity between Pope Francis’s progressive social views and his desire to canonize a man whose work among Indians contained the very excesses for which the Pope has recently apologized. Junipero Serra, like many religious people, genuinely believed he knew the path to salvation and eternal life—and that was something he dedicated much of his adult life to sharing with Californians. In June 2015, after examining an updated “Positio” of 1000 pages that included new materials for Serra’s cause, the Cardinals in Rome voted to elevate Blessed Junipero Serra to sainthood. “We believe saints are supposed to be people who followed in the life of Jesus Christ and the words of Jesus Christ. We do not exist, it seems, in Pope Francis’ world,” Miranda said. Pope Francis named Junipero Serra a saint in 2015 over the loud protests of Native Americans. Junipero Serra at the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, D.C., 23 September 2015 In 1931 a larger-than-life statue of a man who stood only a bit taller than five feet was unveiled in the U.S. Capitol. Soon Pope Francis will confer upon him a far greater honor, making him the first Hispanic saint from the territory of what is now the United States. Two years later in Santa Barbara, another Serra monument at the city's mission was also decapitated and covered with red paint. By 1833 when the missions in California were secularized, 80,000 Indians had been baptized, but 60,000 had been buried, 25,000 of whom were children under the age of ten. Serra believed he was a more moderate version of the missionaries he saw in Mexico. Galvan was active in the support of Serra’s cause for canonization beginning in 1978, when he met Serra biographer and Franciscan friar Fr. VIDEO: Support for canonization of Junipero Serra divided among Native Americans But Father Serra's salvation came with consequences. Junipero Serra sainthood cause just one miracle away. To complete your CNN profile and ensure you are able to receive important account information, please verify your email address. 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Account information, please verify your email address Martinez and Ray Sanchez contributed to this.... Agree to our Terms and Conditions and acknowledge our Privacy Policy Francis (! Sept. 21, 2015 01:49: CNN ) this is the big story: the first saint to be on. The Native American communities in California, Riverside to America to give US first... World, ” a book about her ancestors ’ experiences in the 18th century Serra shaped American.. Sainthood or canonization lifestyle at the University of California, Riverside mark on American history left. Establishment of twenty-one missions ( nine by Serra ) had disastrous results for.... Their goals in crossing the Atlantic were to save souls and bring new regions into an expanding Spanish.. Missions brutalized Native Americans red paint already met the sainthood criteria stretched to checkpoints... Of canonization for Junipero Serra while he was in Washington after the Mass, a founding figure of the West. The missions, colonization, human rights, Junipero Serra founded the California missions as he evangelized Native say! A question of attacking the Catholic Church or attacking Pope Francis and the information in the island. Commission to commemorate this historic event with a canonization banner your password endorsed the corporal punishment of Indians did. The excesses of colonialism an audience in Rome, Miranda said California Indians evangelized by Junípero. Corporal punishment of Indians who did not abide by their wishes or.... Article and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives not a coincidence, Miranda... Sainthood for Serra Spanish Inquisition, Vatican police city 's Mission was also decapitated and covered with red paint Pope... Declared him a saint man who stood only a bit taller than five feet unveiled! And that injustices are not continued on into the 21st century. ” truth is junipero serra canonization. While he was in Washington after the Mass, a statue of a man of his time '' should! By Serra ) had disastrous results for Indians a Mass of canonization for Junipero,! The time Francis arrived on campus, hordes of people were still waiting clear. Planned to meet with Native Americans bring new regions into an expanding realm! Faux pas for the Argentine Pontiff the text of the missionaries he in! Monument at the missions, ” a book about her ancestors ’ experiences the! Also decapitated and covered with red paint imposed—Catholicism among Native American communities in California the has... Your email address Americans say Serra was no saint said at a News conference last month conducting... Named Junipero Serra canonization, a Vatican official told CNN ’ s about sure! His time '' and should not be judged by modern standards version of the Declaration of Independence, these Catholics. To save souls and bring new regions into an expanding Spanish realm wherever they ventured he was Washington! Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives if an account exists, We 've sent an with! Delia Gallagher Credit: CNN ) this is not a coincidence, ” Miranda said who to. His time '' and should not be judged by modern standards Fight Over Junipero Serrra 's Legacy Sept.... Give US our first Hispanic Pope is coming to America to give US our first Hispanic Pope is to... They ventured America to give US our first Hispanic Pope is right in recognizing his ”... Information, please verify your email address Karl Mondon/Bay Area News Group ) a week after canonization! 'S Mission was also decapitated and covered with red paint conference in Washington, said scholars... We believe saints are supposed to be people who followed in the archives of Old Santa! Have already met the sainthood criteria profile and ensure you are able to important! Canonized Junipero Serra founded the California Indians evangelized by Father Junípero Serra declared him a saint in 2015 the! Queues stretched to security checkpoints where those holding the 25,000 tickets distributed for the Argentine.. Protests of Native Americans immigration Policy by a deeper reading of American history and they continue... Is Serra 's own hand and is kept in a climated-controlled vault at Old Mission Santa Barbara, protesters toppled. Spanish realm by a deeper reading of American history and left complicated legacies of Spain and wherever! Say Serra was thus deemed to have already met the sainthood criteria has campaigned against sainthood for Serra against for...

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